11th February 1951
Dr. J. Calvitt Clarke,
Christian Children’s Fund Inc.,
Richmond, VA., U.S.A.
Dear Dr. Clarke,
Further to my letter
of the 5th instant, I have pursued all possible channels in an effort
to secure transportation to Korea but to-date without success.
On Tuesday morning
I saw Dr. W. C. Kerr in the Religious Advisor and liaison between we
civies and SCAP G.H.Q. in the hope that he would be in a position to
help me in Korea. But he informed me that he could do nothing
as all operations in Korea are now under the UN Command and not the
U.S. Occupational Forces in Japan. He suggested that I see Col.
Benson which I did and here again I was told that he could do nothing
to help me unless I had “travel orders.”
Thinking it might
be possible to work it from another angle, I went to see Miss Strahler,
the Chief Executive in Japan for the United Nations International Children’s
Emergency Fund. After a short interview with her I found she too
had no way of helping me. She said that they were like a lot of
other organizations too for they have no representative in Korea to
care for their interests either. She said, as far as she knew
all relief was being administered by the UN through the Korean Government
who are advised and supervised by UN Army and other technical personnel.
The same morning I
met Dr. Darley Downs, Executive Secretary for the Interboard Committee
in Japan. Through him I learned that Col. J. C. W. Linsley, Chief
Chaplain, Far East Air Force was personally interested in the Korean
orphans. Thinking I might strike a deal that afternoon I went
to see the Chaplain, It was here that I learned that it was the boys
of the Fifth Air Force who evacuated the 900 orphans from Seoul over
the Cheju Island. However, all these youngsters were picked up
off the streets of Seoul and no orphanage as a group were evacuated
by the Air Force.
The Chaplain told
me that this errand of mercy has drawn a great deal of criticism from
many quarters. He said even in the Army there is a great deal
of jealousy and if one unit gets more publicity than another there is
always trouble. But with this it even went back to Washington
and the Chief of Chaplains had to fly out two weeks ago to Japan and
Korea and straighten things out. Informing the boys that their
duty is the affairs of the Army, these other matters will be cared for
by personnel assigned to do the job. So regardless of Col. Linsley’s
personal sympathy for the Orphans he could do nothing to help me get
The same evening I
heard that Chaplain Wm. Shaw had just returned from Korea on a weeks
leave. Dr. Shaw is a Methodist Missionary and he was the Pastor
of the Seoul Union Church. I have preached for him on two occasions.
He is now a Chaplain with the Eighth Army. The following morning
I went to see him and explained how anxious we are to contact our homes
in Korea and to take on another 500 adoptions. He said, “Mills,
we simply must get you to Korea, those poor orphan kids are just like
a bunch of little chicks without a mother to look after them.”
He picked up the telephone and called Col. Linsley and put all the pressure
on that he could, but the Colonel could do nothing about it other than
suggested that we go see Chaplain Ivan L. Bennett, Chief of Chaplains
for the Eighth Army, thinking that welfare coming under the Army he
might be able to do something about it. Chaplain Shaw called Col.
Bennett and made an appointment for us to see him at 3.00 p.m.
At the appointed time
we marched into Chaplain Bennett’s office like good soldiers, Shaw leading
the way. The Colonel received us in a most friendly fashion.
Knowing that he had traveled with Dr. Poling last summer and had his
picture taken with the orphans in Formosa. I immediately told
him that both Dr. Clarke and Dr. Poling are much concerned about the
orphans in Korea and that we are in a position to do something about
it if we can only get there and see what the score is.
Just mentioning Dr.
Polings name caused his face to light up and he said, “There is one
fine man.” He thinks a great deal of the Doctor.” He continued
by saying, “you don’t need to tell me anything about your work, I know
all about it and I’m ready to help you within my power but we all have
to abide by regulations,” at this point he pulled out a file and said
“this is a general letter which has been sent from Washington regarding
relief work in Korea.” After reading it to us he said, “just yesterday
I sent a copy of this to Dr. Poling. The letter outlines UN policy
for relief in Korea which cuts out all volunteer relief organizations
or such institutions appropriated by an Organization such as our own.”
I asked the Colonel
if the UN letter was confidential and he said no. I feel sure
if you write to Dr. Poling regarding this information he will send you
a copy. Which explains their position and makes it impossible
for them to grant any entries unless they are sanctioned by the UN.
There is no doubt about it after reading this letter you will see that
the UN assumes full responsibility for relief in Korea. All other
private agencies, societies, etc., and contributions in money or kind
must all be channeled through the UN sources. The Colonel said
even the contributions from the G.I.’s have to be forwarded this way
As the conversation
continued Col. Bennett suggested that as far as Christian Children’s
Fund is concerned we should stock pile. He explained that anything
we could do now would loose its identity but the day is coming when
the UN effort is going to stop, it is then that funds will be needed
more than even now. He said that he is encouraging all Mission
Boards to do the same.
Later on he said there
is only one authority higher that might be able to do something about
it and he is General Sams. So very graciously Colonel Bennett
called him on the telephone and made an appointment for me for three
thirty the following afternoon. I was there on the dot, with my
hair slicked back and ready for the fray. But to my utter surprise,
the General left his desk and bade me take an easy chair. His
fashion was most warm and friendly. I opened the conversation
by saying General, everything I have to say can be said in two to three
minutes, then if you are interested we can discuss it further, if not
I will not waste your time. He replied, the relief of orphans
is an important matter, do not worry about the time. In all he
gave me 45 minutes which I considered was most gracious of him when
he is so busy.
As briefly as possible
I explained the work which Christian Children’s Fund is doing throughout
the Far East. He said, I thought the name of your organization
was China’s Children Fund. I said it was sir, but for diplomatic
reason it has been changed. He laughed, and said I know all about
your work, some two years ago you met with my Senior Welfare Officer
for Japan and he told me what your organization is doing in Japan and
I have received like report from my Senior Welfare Officer in Korea,
Marc Sherbacker. You will remember you heard Sherbacker’s voice
on the record which I made in Seoul. He mentioned that C.C.F.
came into Korea at a most crucial time and through our timely assistance
we had taken many hundreds of orphan children of the streets and provided
The General went over
the same material with me as Chaplain Bennett did and said there was
nothing he could do but abide by regulations, unless I would be willing
to go in under the UN and by doing so I could not represent any given
organization or be asided to a designated job. I would be sent
where ever the field command thought my services were necessary.
Even then he said, it would all have to be done through:
Department of State,
Advisory Committee on Volunteer Foreign Aid,
Mr. Arthur C. Ringland, Executive Director,
Washington 25, D. C.
General Sams explained,
that these regulations were not put out by General MacArthur’s Headquarters
but were forwarded to General MacArthur from the overall UN Command.
In passing he mentioned that the Catholic Cardinal in New York
had written a scathing letter to General MacArthur in which he accused
the General of keeping the Church out of Korea.
I asked the General
two specific questions: 1st - is the UN assuming full responsibility
for relief in Korea and is the Army handling it? He replied, “Yes,
it is channeled through us and administered by the Korean Government
under our supervision. 2nd - is it right to say then that
you are going to take care of all these orphan children in Korea?
He said, “That is our job to house them, clothe them and to provide
them with food.” But as he continued he said, “But we will not have
an over-all program for their future such as Christian Children’s Fund
From this point he
continued by suggesting more or less the same idea that Colonel Bennett
mentioned. That we should save whatever resources we have for
future rehabilitations. He said that securing food at present
does not present too large a problem, because the drive north last fall
was so timed that the peasants could go back in and harvest their crop
– which was a bumper crop. But this coming year is going to be
different as they have not been able to plant their winter barley and
there is the possibility that they will not be able to plant their rice
this spring. So the food problem toward the latter part of the
year is going to be a matter of grave concern.
Before leaving he
said, a year or so ago an elderly couple came to see me that was supposed
to be running some organization for orphan children and wanted to know
what I thought they could do to help in Japan. I replied would
it be Dr. & Mrs. Saunders? He said yes, what are they doing
and where are they we haven’t heard anything about them since they left.
I answered by saying, I think they are in California but I am not acquainted
with anything they might be doing in Japan. At this juncture,
I told the General beside the homes we are now supporting during the
next month we would be taking on the support of another 500 orphans.
I then thanked him for the time he had given me and in saying good-bye
he promised to do anything within his power to help us.
Then yesterday morning
I again saw Chaplain Shaw and told him the gist of my conversation with
General Sams. Explaining that conditions were such that unless
I’m prepared to put on the uniform my chances for getting to Korea are
nil. Moreover, should I join the UN team it would not be certain
that I could do the job that I would like to in caring for the Children
as I would be subject to field command and they would send me where
they considered my services were most needed.
Chaplain Shaw offered to act as a Liaison for us and will handle any
funds that we deem necessary for the homes in Korea. He will provide
us with a financial statement as to disbursements. It so happens
that he is an accountant. Forwarding funds through Chaplain Shaw
is much to our advantage as through the Army he is able to get W 4,000
for each US $1.00 while funds sent through Dr. Underwood and changed
through the bank only bring W 2,500. I’m wondering if you have
ever received word from Dr. Underwood that the funds we sent to him
through his bank in New York were paid to the orphanages for last year.
Chaplain Shaw told
me that he was very sick three weeks ago and that they never expected
him to pull through and the three sons were at his bedside having secured
leave because of his critical condition. But according to Dr.
Shaw he is now much better.
Chaplain Shaw will
be returning to Korea on Tuesday and if possible he is going to set
up a Committee of three to care for C.C.F. interests. I am giving
him $2,000.00 to take back with him to be given to the homes only in
cases of special need seeing they will be receiving help from the UN.
But whatever he gives it is not to exceed the following:
Dr. Oh’s home 92 @
$184.00 per month
Salvation Army 202 @ $2.00
404.00 per month
Hill’s Boys Home 25 @ 6.00
150.00 per month
Underwood Memorial 30 @ 3.00
90.00 per month
Taejon Babies Fold 26 children was not
to exceed $1,260.00 yearly grant.
All funds were to
be given according to the number of children being supported by Dr.
Oh only has twenty boys then the allowance would be accordingly.
Over and above this
I told Chaplain Shaw that we are prepared to take on another 500 orphans
at the same rate if he can provide us with the case histories and picture
of the child. He shook his head and said I can get the children
but I doubt very much if I can secure the pictures, at a time like this
they simply do not have any film. And as far as writing up case
histories I simply haven’t the time. So I told him if he could
get hold of a Korean capable of doing the work to hire him and we would
go good for his salary.
The idea of our setting
funds aside for the time being preparation for rehabilitation needs
meets with Dr. Shaw's approval 100%. However I explained to him
in order to raise this money and in order to retain the interest of
the sponsors we have to have publicity material and pictures.
He promised to what he could to help us.
One very interesting
thing that Dr. Shaw told me which impressed me very much is the fact,
at the front while holding services with the boys, they always give
them the opportunity to bring their offerings along with their worship
and for several weeks he as told them that the offering given is being
used for the orphans and he said it has been amazing the boys have been
giving on an average of 60 cents each per week. He said, “The
G.I.'s simply love these little kids and they will do anything to help
Besides working on
these appointments last week in between times I was also able to visit
nine other orphanages in Tokyo, Yokohama and Kamakura. I shall
not go into detail in this letter but will wait until I have visited
all the homes and then will write about each one individually that we
choose to help, to make up the 500 new adoptions. So far I have
only found two and three G.I. babies in these homes and they are special
cases. Mr. Giga of the Airindan Orphanage who is traveling with
me as my interpreter, says none of the homes want to take in these babies
because of the stigma attached to them. Moreover, many of the
mothers are too ashamed to take them to any home and because of this
the majority of these little ones are being done away with at birth.
I have heard that
there is a home just opened here in Tokyo especially for these innocent
little victims, and if there is such a home I certainly will contact
them. In Yokohama the Catholics have a very large institution
with several hundred little G.I.'s. I’m sure that should we open
such an institution we could take in equally as many but it would cost
us between six and eight dollars per month beside the initial expenses
This coming week I
hope to get to Northern Japan and visit some large homes in Sendai,
Yamagata, Akita and Kanazawa. I understand these homes have as
many as ninety and one hundred children. Such numbers are unusual
in Japan, the homes here average around forty children. But I
want to choose larger homes so that it will not make a lot of additional
work for Mrs. Clarke at Christmas time.
If we cannot get adoptions
in Korea would you consider taking on 1,000 in Japan please cable me
your reply so that I can make arrangements accordingly. I hope
the New Constitution and Power of Attorney is forth coming before too
long, as I would like to register our Organization with the Japanese
Government too and also organize an Advisory Committee in the National
Christian Council to be responsible for Christian Children’s Fund interests.
But in order to do this I will have to have the above mentioned material
in had so that everything can be done according to legal procedure.
We are having two
thousand No. 2 forms printed and they will be ready Tuesday and we will
get the Superintendents working on them right away so the first new
adoptions should be coming through very shortly.
The enclosed is the
second addition to my report on Lebanon and India. I apologize
sending this through in piece meal something like a “Saturday Serial,”
but pressure of work has been such that I simply could not do anything
else, but I do hope to have the India portion finished this coming week
which I will send along complete with pictures.
With best regards
to all, especially Mrs. Clarke and your good self.
V. J. R. Mills