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Pacific Stars & Stripes, Oct. 5, 1953

Koreans, Japanese to Fill Quarter of Orphan Quota

TOKYO, Oct. 5 (Pac. S&S)- Korean and Japanese orphans will make up at least one-quarter of the immigration quota allowing 4,000 parentless children under 10 to enter the U.S. in the next three years according to a visiting congressman.

Rep. Patrick J. Hillings (R., Cal.), a member of the joint committee on immigration and naturalization, said here yesterday that while final quotas would not be out until November, he was sure at least 1,000 orphans from the two countries would be included.

Hillings, on the last lap of a 'round-the-world study of immigration problems, said the exact number admitted will depend on the number of applications received from all parts of the world.

Only Some Seek Entry

"Congress had the orphans of the East in mind when they allowed for 4,000 young orphans to enter the U.S.," he said.

The quota is part of the refugee act of 1953 which will allow 214,000 immigrants to enter the country within the next three years.

The California congressman said in his visits at refugee camps throughout the world he found a general desire to enter the U.S. But in some cases, the homeless people want only to return to their native land.

The refugee act was passed to give homes to persons who fled from behind the iron curtain, suffered from natural calamities, military operations or over-population among our allies.

Orphans Need Sponsors

Hillings said in his talks with Syngman Rhee, the South Korean president assured him his government was very anxious for the U.S. to provide homes for Korean war orphans.

Under provisions of the act, each orphan must have a sponsor who will agree to support the child. However, Hillings is hopeful some Korean and Japanese orphans may be sent to the States and placed in private and church agencies for final adoption. State department ruling on this is expected in November, along with other qualifications needed to apply for entry into the U.S.

Hillings left here last night for Hawaii where he plans to meet Vice President Richard Nixon, who is on his way to the Orient as part of his world good-will tour. Hillings filled Nixon's post in the House of Representatives when the latter was elected vice president.

By PFC Howard Sayre





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